Most common dental diseases

Most common dental diseases

Today we want to make a quick but in depth review of the most common dental diseases that exist. From our Murcia Dental Clinic we always advocate to take a correct dental hygiene, since the best thing to have a healthy mouth is the prevention.

That is why in the article that we bring you today we are going to list the most common diseases of the mouth and that we usually treat in our facilities. So we go there.

Enfermedades dentales comunes

The decay

When one of our teeth suffers a crack is synonymous and unequivocal sign of the appearance of dental caries. Remember that not wearing suitable hygiene causes the generation of bacterial plaque, which, in turn, results in dental fissures.

Although you see that crack in one of your teeth, it is best to go to your dentist as soon as possible, as they tend to worsen and lead to even greater dental problems.

Having bad breath

We have previously treated this oral disease before. Both tobacco and other types of substances can generate halitosis, as well as not brushing the teeth and the tongue with assiduity. It can generate social problems in those who suffer from it.

Herpes labial

Cold sores

Also known as aphthous ulcers, they refer to the appearance of blisters that are usually located around our mouth or on the lips. These blisters are usually cured with treatment in about 8 or 10 days. They can be contacted directly.

Appearance of cysts

This type of cysts can be defined as benign cavities in whose interior is usually full of pus. The best thing for your elimination is to go to your clinic and your dentist will remove these cysts.

It is true that there may be certain patients in whom this type of cysts may affect the gum itself, which may result in the loss of that tooth.

Cancer in the mouth

Because of carrying bad dental hygiene for years can be a direct cause of the appearance of oral cancer. Although it is usually caused by tobacco or in people who abuse alcoholic beverages.

It usually makes an appearance in our gums, on the palate, on the lips or in our own tongue.



This oral disease is of the periodontal type and is generated by having infected gums. Usually generated by not brushing the teeth properly and continued, so that tends to appear the dreaded bacterial plaque.

All this causes the gums to become inflamed, have a reddish appearance and bleed, both when we brush and when eating. Gingivitis is the previous step to the appearance of periodontitis, which generates even greater oral problems.


It is the disease that appears after suffering from gingivitis. It usually has quite similar symptoms. Of course, if that bacterial plaque and tartar continue to increase and you do not take care of them, it can lead to the loss of bone mass. With the passage of time, the tooth is no longer supported by the lack of bone and, finally, falls.

Find more information about periodontitis here:

The pulpitis

The pulpitis directly affects the tissue that covers our teeth, just where the nerves are and is generated by the fault of both the caries mostly or by any kind of infection in the mouth.

It usually causes pain and the best treatment for its elimination is the realization of an endodontics, with which it is possible to eliminate that pulp tissue.

The hypomineralization

It directly affects the enamel that our teeth have, especially when it comes to molar teeth and incisors. It usually makes an appearance when these teeth are in full growth.


The malocclusion

It refers to an incorrect dental alignment and the best solution against it is orthodontic treatment. You can use braces, traditional orthodontics or invisalign, among others. Although the best thing is that you go to your dentist to tell you the best possible treatment depending on your particular case.


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