Bruxism 2019-01-17T12:54:39+00:00

In today’s article, dear reader, we want to show you what bruxism is, which is the involuntary habit of clenching teeth without functional purposes, that is, it is a dental contact different from those of chewing and swallowing. People can grind their teeth without becoming aware of them.

All this can happen both during the day (daytime bruxism) due to work stress, and during the night (nighttime bruxism). Bruxism during sleep is the biggest problem, since it is difficult to control. It usually affects between 10 and 20% of the population and can lead to headaches and jaw, neck and ear muscles.

Dental grinding can wear teeth and be very annoying for other people with misophonia, apart from more problems associated with health. Bruxism is unconscious until it is brought to the attention of the patient. The first to detect it is the dentist to observe the exaggerated wear of the teeth and a reduction of the vertical dimension of the face.

Bruxism symptoms

As we have mentioned from Jose Luis Cano Murcia Clinic, it is difficult for the person to realize that he suffers from treatment Bruxism, especially if he lives alone. It is usually recommended that the person who suspects that he has it is to look at the structure of his teeth before a mirror. It is therefore convenient to observe whether the enamel of the teeth has its daily appearance or if, on the contrary, they look much flatter than normal.

Sintomas Bruxismo Tratamiento

Other symptoms of bruxism are, without a doubt, the ones we detail below:

  • Have a greater sensitivity in the teeth, especially in the early morning.
  • Pain in the ears.
  • Have jaws that are stiffer than normal.
  • The jaws creak.

Bruxism treatment

The most common procedure that is usually done when there are problems of this nature is using a splint of discharge. These splints do not directly eliminate the disorder, only its symptoms, but not the origin of the problem itself.

The bruxism splint is very comfortable to use, removable and easy to clean and maintain. It is a transparent rigid acrylic device, fully customized and adapted to the patient’s mouth. It is placed at night to avoid contact between the upper teeth and the lower ones.

Bruxismo en niños

And is that thanks to splints we managed to improve from the first day of use the jaw, head and ears muscle pains, as well as other types of associated problems such as headache, neck pain or muscle aches.

Bruxism in children

As we have indicated, bruxism affects about 20% of the population and there are also cases of bruxism in children. And is that this habit can become the cause of tooth loss prematurely. Even an overload in what are the joints of the child’s jaw.

The positive part is that, being childish bruxism, the child is still forming his final denture, so the wear of the teeth will be on milk teeth. Although it is an aspect that needs to be addressed as soon as possible to avoid future problems.

These types of disorders in children can be due to different factors in relation to adults, such as these:

  • The child will have a little brother soon
  • Situations of child stress
  • That their parents have separated
  • A simple move, etc..

The best thing in all these cases is that the little one in the house tries to diminish his mental and physical activity just before going to bed. For this, you can take a bath with hot water, read or even aromatherapy. It is also very convenient not to bite the pens or nails, something very common among children. All these are unequivocal symptoms of suffering from this type of disorder known as bruxism.

Bruxismo por qué ocurre

Why it happens

There are many different problems associated with this type of pathology and they influence, as well as various factors related to the daily life of the affected person. As you know, the action of clenching teeth can happen both day and night, although the latter is what usually leads to problems and associated causes. Basically because when we sleep we are not aware of our actions.

One of the main causes of its appearance is intimately related to anxiety or stress or leading a busy life. A very good option for these cases is to perform, for example, relaxation exercises if we see that anxiety exceeds us. With this it is possible to alleviate all that accumulated tension and therefore prevent its appearance.

There are also other reasons why bruxism appears and it causes us pain of all kinds, so prevention is the most important. We highlight, among others, the following:

  • The habits that the person has to catch sleep and sleep.
  • The diet or food that you usually eat during the day.
  • Having a denture with misaligned teeth.

How to prevent its appearance

It is quite complicated to diagnose bruxism so it is also very complicated to establish a prevention before its possible appearance.

Of course, as we have already mentioned, anxiety is the worst ally of this habit that patients have when they sleep and fall asleep. The greater the stress or anxiety that you have in the mornings or afternoons, the greater will be the presence of teeth grinding when you sleep.

However, below we will give you some information so you can prevent it at certain times or circumstances:

  • It is important to have a healthy and balanced diet. And with all kinds of food present in it, such as vegetables for example.
  • Practicing physical exercises or any kind of sport will help you and much to release stress and anxiety at the same time.
  • It is also important to avoid, as much as possible, coffee or drinks with caffeine, especially moments before bedtime to sleep.
  • Perform relaxation exercises and eliminate tension whenever possible.

Tipos de bruxismo

Types of bruxisms that exist

This kind of habit can be classified into different types or classes, depending on when it occurs or how the teeth are tightened:

Night Bruxism

It is an involuntary habit of the patient that happens while the person is sleeping. It can be done both by rubbing the teeth and tightening and applying tension in the oral cavity.

All this causes pain in the mouth, pain in the muscles or headache or headache. All these symptoms are a clear diagnosis of tooth grinding.

Daytime bruxism

Here the person is usually aware of what he does with his mouth and is intimately related to stress. It usually appears almost always when the affected person is concentrated in some important activity such as work.

Bruxism by rubbing

This kind of habit is produced by friction, hence its name. Because of this, the teeth wear out excessively, although the patient does not have any muscle pain.

Downtown type bruxism

This is how the practice of putting pressure on the teeth due to a muscular contraction is known. In these specific cases, the teeth will not wear out. The problems here are related to jaw pain and all kinds of contractures.

Bruxismo diurno-nocturno

Day and night

Here the grinding of teeth makes an appearance both in the morning and at bedtime. It is, without a doubt, the one that generates the greatest problems in patients.

We hope from our Dental Clinic Murcia Jose Luis Cano that this information has been useful. If you have any of the symptoms described in this article, we advise you to come and see us to give you a perfect diagnosis of what happens to you.


And remember that at our Dental Clinic we have the best dental treatments for you like these:

  • Treatment by dental implant
  • Orthodontic treatment
  • Dental aesthetic clinic
  • What is periodontics?
  • Endodontics treatment
  • Take care of dental health during pregnancy
  • Teeth care in sports

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