Bacterial plaque, what is

Bacterial plaque, what is

Today we want to talk to you about what bacterial plaque is, what problems it can cause. Surely more than once you have heard about it but you do not know why it is formed or that this plaque is composed in the teeth.

Well if you want to know more about this topic, make yourself comfortable that in this post we tell you everything you need to know.

Placa bacteriana

What is dental plaque

We can define it as that film that is formed both on our teeth and on the same gums. It is colorless and is composed of what is known as proteins present in our saliva, as well as all kinds of food remains that, after tooth brushing, has not been completely eliminated.

All kinds of bacteria are stuck at the same time. If not controlled, this plaque of bacteria can lead to more severe problems such as the appearance of dental caries or even gum diseases such as periodontitis or gingivitis.

In addition, we must also add that if that plaque is not removed, it can become hardened in such a way that it becomes dental plaque.

How to prevent its appearance

As always tell us, prevention is better than cure. And when we talk about bacterial plaque even more. That is why it is of vital importance to wear a proper and continuous oral hygiene.

Below we list the steps necessary to avoid the formation of dental plaque that leads to more severe problems.

Placa bacteriana prevención con cepillado dental

Brush well after each meal: It is best to use toothbrushes with round and soft bristles at the same time. Remember that every 2 or 3 months it is convenient to replace your brush with a new one or when you see that the bristles have already worn excessively.

After brushing, remember to use dental floss: And there are certain areas, such as interdental gaps, which cannot be accessed in the right way with a brush. This is where the dental threads come into play, which manages to reach those areas where food remains are often left, a perfect breeding ground for the appearance of dental plaque.

Make use of mouthwash or mouthwash: They will help you even more to bring almost perfect oral health and prevent the appearance of plaque and the formation of tartar.

Types of bacterial plaques that exist

We can differentiate up to 2 different types of tooth plate, depending on where it is located. This way, we can have supragingivial or subgingivial plaque.

Let’s see them a little more in depth below.

Placa supragingival

The supragingival plaque

It is so called when it makes an appearance of the upper part of our gums and is cariogenic. This type of plaque usually generates cavities.

Subgingival plaque

It is known by this name the bacterial plaque that appears in what is known as the periodontal pocket and in the gingival sulcus itself. It usually triggers periodontal diseases more than dental caries.

Además, para que se de esta clase de placa es necesario que el sarro se encuentre en la zona superior de las encías, es decir, la placa supragingival.


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